Ranch Group Accuses USDA of Falsifying the Outcome of Animal ID Meetings

For Immediate Release:
September 28, 2017

Billings, Mont. – Yesterday, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) unveiled its new strategy to expand its mandatory animal identification program at the private sectors’ Strategy Forum on Livestock Traceability held in Denver, Colorado. On the same day, R-CALF USA filed a comprehensive administrative complaint accusing APHIS of falsifying the outcomes of the animal identification meetings and related public comment period the agency held earlier this year.

At issue is a report APHIS disseminated on September 18, 2017, that purports to summarize industry comments regarding the agency’s 2012 Animal Disease Traceability (ADT) rule. The ADT rule essentially requires cattle over the age of 18 months to be identified with some type of official ear tag if the animal enters interstate commerce. The agency sought comments regarding its suggestion that cattle under 18 months of age be included in an expanded ADT rule and that the use of electronic identification devices be required for cattle.

In its report, APHIS claimed there was a consensus reached among industry commenters that both younger cattle and the requirement to use electronic identification devices could be included under the ADT as soon as the program was fully functional for older cattle. This report was then used as a basis for APHIS’ future animal identification strategy discussed at the strategy forum.

In its administrative complaint filed pursuant to the Data Quality Act and USDA’s Information Quality Guidelines that together provide an opportunity to request a correction of information if the government issues information that is inaccurate, unreliable, or biased, R-CALF USA claims there was no such consensus by commenters and, in fact, many if not most commenters were adamantly opposed to both the proposal to add younger cattle as well as to require electronic ear tags.

“Further expansion of animal identification requirements is unwarranted and infeasible. The USDA should not establish requirements for intra-state animal ID, nor for the mandatory use of electronic forms of ID,” and identifying feeder cattle “is not warranted or realistic at this time . . .”, are some of the objections that R-CALF USA and 39 other groups expressed in joint comments submitted to APHIS.

The complaint alleges that APHIS’ false representation of the important concerns expressed both verbally and in writing by thousands of American ranchers through their respective organizations constitutes government-promoted propaganda tilted to favor private companies, primarily ear tag companies, that stand to reap financial gains if APHIS expands its current animal identification program.

The complaint asks that APHIS’ September 18 report, along with any subsequent reports based on the initial report, be withdrawn pending the initiation of a new analysis that meets the Data Quality Act’s standards for accuracy, reliability, objectivity, integrity and utility.

Attachments to the complaint are available at https://www.r-calfusa.com/animal-identification/.


R-CALF USA (Ranchers-Cattlemen Action Legal Fund, United Stockgrowers of America) is the largest producer-only cattle trade association in the United States. It is a national, nonprofit organization dedicated to ensuring the continued profitability and viability of the U.S. cattle and sheep industries.